State representative in international relations
Pursuant to Article 126 of the Polish Constitution, the President shall be the supreme representative of the Republic of Poland and the guarantor of continuity of the State authority. He shall ensure the proper observance of the Constitution, safeguard the sovereignty and security of the State, as well as the inviolability and integrity of its territory.
The above means that the President, as the representative of the Republic of Poland, epitomises the State internationally, particularly in contacts with other countries and international organisations such as the European Communities, NATO, and UN. The President represents Poland not only in situations where this is required by domestic or international law, but also where such representation is dictated by the customs governing the diplomatic relations.
Amongst the constitutional authorities of the executive power, only the President is granted mandate to exercise his duties directly from the nation – by way of common election. Thus, the President’s system position is stronger than that of other representatives of the executive power (The Council of Ministers, or the head of the Council - the Prime Minister), who do not receive their mandate from the direct, common election, and who represent the current governing block (usually the parliamentary majority), not the State alone as such.
The President's responsibility, as the supreme representative of the Republic of Poland, the guarantor of continuity of the State authority and the guardian of the fundamental State values (security, sovereignty and inviolability of the State territory and its Constitution), is also monitoring, counteracting and combating all possible threats to the normal operation of the Polish State and its citizens. No other authority, such as the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister or the Sejm, is entitled to restrict the special role of the President without the express constitutional legal grounds, also in the scope of the international policy.
As prescribed by Art. 133 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, the President, as the State representative in foreign affairs, shall:
- ratify and renounce international agreements, and shall notify the Sejm and the Senate thereof,
- appoint and recall the plenipotentiary representatives of the Republic of Poland to other states and to international organisations,
- receive the Letters of Credence and recall of diplomatic representatives of other states and international organisations accredited to him.
The President collaborates with the Prime Minister and the minister of foreign affairs in representing Poland worldwide and creating the foreign policy. It should also be remembered that the responsibility to cooperate is not solely the President’s, but it also applies to the Prime Minister and the minister of foreign affairs who, together with the President, shall jointly establish and implement the crucial issues of the State’s foreign policy.