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Polish political system

The political system of the Republic of Poland is defined by the Constitution of 2nd April 1997.

The Constitution states that the Republic of Poland is a democratic state ruled by law, implementing the rules of social justice, safeguarding the independence and integrity of its territory, ensuring the freedoms and rights of persons and citizens and the security of the citizens, safeguarding the national heritage and ensuring the protection of the natural environment in line with the principle of sustainable development.

The Constitution ensures that there is freedom of the press and of other means of social communication, as well as freedom of belief, religion and philosophy, and it protects marriage, understood as the union of a man and a woman, the family, motherhood and parenthood.

A social market economy, based on freedom of economic activity, private ownership and solidarity, dialogue and cooperation between social partners, is the basis of the economic system of the Republic of Poland.

The system of government of the Republic of Poland is based on the principle that there is separation and balance between legislative, executive and judicial powers.

Legislative power is vested in the Sejm and the Senate, executive power is vested in the President of the Republic of Poland and the Council of Ministers and judicial power is vested in courts and tribunals.

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